Types and quantities of industrial waste--their disposal and the environment

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Published by The Department in Blantyre [Malawi] .

Written in English

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  • Malawi


  • Factory and trade waste -- Malawi -- Congresses.

Edition Notes

Book details

Statementcompiled by the Department of Research and Environmental Affairs, Office of the President and Cabinet.
ContributionsMalawi. Dept. of Research and Environmental Affairs.
LC ClassificationsTD897.3.M3 T96 1991
The Physical Object
Pagination25 p. ;
Number of Pages25
ID Numbers
Open LibraryOL1392565M
LC Control Number92982576

Download Types and quantities of industrial waste--their disposal and the environment

Types of Industrial Waste. Industrial waste can be categorized into biodegradable and non-biodegradable. Biodegradable. Those industrial wastes which can be decomposed into the non-poisonous matter by the action of certain microorganisms are the biodegradable wastes.

They are even comparable to house wastes. Industrial waste, generally, can be categorized into two types, i.e., nonhazardous and hazardous. Nonhazardous industrial waste is the waste from industrial activity, which does not pose a threat to public health or environment, e.g., carton, plastic, metals, glass, rock, and organic waste.

In contrast, hazardous waste is a residue from industrial activity that can harm public health or environment. The Guide for Industrial Waste Managementaddresses non-hazardous industrial waste subject to Subtitle D of the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA).

The reader is referred to the existence of 40 CFR PartSubparts A and B, which provide federal requirements for non-hazardous industrial waste facilities or practices. Industrial waste management in Atlanta is a crucial service for any business whose processes include manufacturing or production.

Industrial activities produce a significant amount of waste, and without a comprehensive waste disposal program, the health and safety of your employees may be at risk.

condition. Solid waste management can be defined as the disposal of waste materials (also known as rubbish, garbage, trash), generated from household and industrial sources, in a cost effective way, without degrading the environment (Cotter, ).

Waste is an unwanted or undesired material or substance. It is also referred to as rubbish, trash,File Size: 2MB.

Publisher Summary. Industrial-waste treatment encompasses a wide array of environmental, technical, and regulatory considerations. Regardless of the industry type, the evaluation and selection of waste treatment technologies follow various steps that help to meet. Each year, another 1 new chemicals are added to the market for industrial and other uses.

The availability of robust data on the generation of hazardous waste for the Asian and Pacific Region is limited by the reliability of information on the quantities and types of hazardous waste. Industrial Waste Management Evaluation Model (IWEM), Composite Model for Leachate Migration with Transformation Products (EPACMTP) and; Industrial Waste Air Model (IWAIR).

You may need a PDF reader to view some of the files on this page. See EPA’s About PDF page to learn more. Read the Guide for Industrial Waste Management (PDF) ( pp, 3 MB, 2). This book provides not only that, but the only available methodology for identifying which waste types are produced from which industrial processes, and how they can be treated.

This unique feature makes this book one that every environmental, industrial and plant manager, engineer and consultant will want to have on their bookshelf. Current disposal methods threaten our health, safety, and environment, and pose additional indirect costs to society. Most industrial, commercial, and household waste is now being placed in landfills or surface im-poundments.

Waste treated in this manner may contam-inate groundwater, rivers, and streams. When waste is. Waste disposal, the collection, processing, and recycling or deposition of the waste materials of human society.

Waste is classified by source and composition. Broadly speaking, waste materials are either liquid or solid in form, and their components may be either hazardous or inert in their effects on health and the environment.

Example of how to calculate waste quantities using commercial/ industrial waste type/s. Formula: waste mass (kg) =vehicle volume (m 3) x load/s x waste density (kg/ m 3) If for an example a vehicle has capacity of 10 m 3; and the load is 2, with a waste density of m 3 the calculations would be as follows: 10 m 3 x 2 x (kg/ m 3) =10 kg.

polluters, consuming large amounts of energy and water, producing large quantities of wastewaters, releasing hazardous gases into the atmosphere and generating solid waste that are difficult both to treat and to dispose of.

On the other hand, despite its potential threats to the environment, the oil. Engineering, Environmental Sciences and related courses.

Volume 6 (Sludge treatment and disposal) covers in detail sludge charac-teristics, production, treatment (thickening, dewatering, stabilisation, pathogens removal) and disposal (land application for agricultural purposes, sanitary land-fills, landfarming and other methods).

The disposal area which disperses wastewater to the ground once it passes through the distribution box may vary from five to 20 or more feet wide. In trench type systems, water flows through perforated parallel piping where effluent seeps into the receiving soil.

Size of this leaching area will vary dependent upon expected loading. Industrial waste is defined as waste generated by manufacturing or industrial processes. The types of industrial waste generated include cafeteria garbage, dirt and gravel, masonry and concrete, scrap metals, trash, oil, solvents, chemicals, weed grass and trees, wood and scrap lumber, and similar wastes.

As per the Comptroller and Auditor- General’s (CAG) report, each and every year over MT of industrial hazardous waste, 4 lakh tonnes of electronic waste.

Details of disposal on-site and off-site can be found in Sections and respectively. On-site disposal options The technology choices outlined below are general guidelines for disposal and storage of waste on-site, these may be adapted for the particular site and situation in question.

Communal pit disposal. There is no data on the quantities of non-hazardous industrial waste produced as it is calculated in the total municipal solid waste Royal Commission for Jubail and Yanbu RCJY encourages the recycling of industrial waste by stimulating the private sector investment for the establishment of recycling plants or reuse of these wastes.

large quantities of Freetown‘s solid wastes is disposed of at the Granville Brook dumpsite which is essentially an open dump. This approach can be classified as a primi- tive stage of land fill development and is the predominant waste disposal option in Freetown which can pose major public health threats and environmental impact in the city.

Plastic wastes in the municipal solid waste (MSW) stream and in the industrial sector are discussed in this book. Quantities of plastic wastes generated, characterization of the wastes, their environmental impact, and management of the waste stream are described. Also covered are costs of recycling processes, technology, and energy considerations.

U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA): Hazardous Waste The EPA provides information about the generation, management, and final disposal of hazardous wastes in the United States. WasteWise Update: Electronics Reuse and Recycling The EPA provides a comprehensive, although a bit dated (), overview of e-waste.

Electronic Product Management. Waste hierarchy. The waste hierarchy refers to the "3 Rs" Reduce, Reuse and Recycle, which classifies waste management strategies according to their desirability in terms of waste waste hierarchy is the cornerstone of most waste minimisation strategies.

The aim of the waste hierarchy is to extract the maximum practical benefits from products and to generate the minimum amount.

Waste in General. In many developed countries, waste statistics are available (e.g. OECD ) as a basis for framing waste management and recycling policy (see Chap. 14).Institutionalization of the compilation of waste statistics is essential for appropriate waste management in developing countries (see Chap.

11).However, one of the issues in waste statistics is that definition and. Industrial waste treatment Many different types of solid, liquid, and gaseous wastes are discharged by industries. Most industrial waste is recycled, treated and discharged, or placed in a landfill.

There is no one means of managing industrial wastes because the nature of the wastes varies widely from one industry to another. One company might generate a waste that can be treated readily and. Hazardous waste is defined as any type of waste that poses either a substantial or potential threat to public health and/or the environment.

This type of waste is created in many facilities and it needs to be handled correctly. In most places, there are many laws and regulations focused on hazardous waste disposal, which is critical for companies to get right.

Solid waste is generated on a daily basis in bulk quantities. The sources of solid waste include organic household waste, toxic chemicals from industrial plants, agricultural waste and medical waste.

Proper solid waste management techniques should be implemented to avoid the transmission of infectious diseases and prevent the contamination of.

Decisions within this tier consider the environmental fate of the waste and its constituents and process byproducts after it leaves the institution or firm. As with other tiers, the goal is to minimize risk to health and the environment.

Land disposal is the least desirable disposal method. Hazardous wastes are those that may contain toxic substances generated from industrial, hospital, some types of household wastes.

These wastes could be corrosive, inflammable, explosive, or react when exposed to other materials. Some hazardous wastes are highly toxic to environment including humans, animals, and plants.

Industrial Environmental Performance Metrics is a corporate-focused analysis that brings clarity and practicality to the complex issues of environmental metrics in industry.

The book examines the metrics implications to businesses as their responsibilities expand beyond the factory gate—upstream to suppliers and downstream to products and. This book chapter discusses the management of hazardous waste in developing countries, with particular emphasis on industrial hazardous waste, medical waste, and household hazardous waste.

It seeks to identify the current situation and also aims to provide a review of the existing strategies that are particularly related to hazardous waste management.

@article{osti_, title = {Industrial wastewater treatment technology, Second edition}, author = {Patterson, J W}, abstractNote = {The author has organized the book by specific pollutant or class of pollutants for reference. For each topic there is a description of sources and typical industry discharge levels of the pollutant, the appropriate treatment technologies and their applications.

An existent of this non-degradable waste in large quantities may somehow give bad impact towards environment [9]. Generally, nylon cable ties is one of the wastes that are non-degradable and take. Waste: A Handbook for Management gives the broadest, most complete coverage of waste in our society.

The book examines a wide range of waste streams, including: Household waste (compostable material, paper, glass, textiles, household chemicals, plastic, water, and e-waste)Industrial waste (metals, building materials, tires, medical, batteries, hazardous mining, and nuclear)Societal.

mates 20Mt, the total quantities of the several pollutants contained in the e-waste flow result, to a great extent, in landfills or recycling centres affecting the environment and/or public health.

Therefore, despite significant recycling, e-waste is liable for t Cu an-nually released to the environment. Waste is an unavoidable by-product of most human activity. Economic development and rising living standards in the Asian and Pacific Region have led to increases in the quantity and complexity of generated waste, whilst industrial diversification and the provision of expanded health-care facilities have added substantial quantities of industrial hazardous waste and biomedical waste into the.

Scholarly literatures indicated that improper municipal solid waste disposal and management causes all types of pollution: air, soil, and water (Alam & Ahmade, ; Srigirisetty et al., Releases of pollutants to the environment are most often the casual by-product of some useful ac-tivity, such as generating electricity or raising cows.

Pollution of this type is a form of waste disposal. It occurs when the economic costs of eliminating the pollution exceed the economic benefits, at least the.

Examples include municipal solid waste (household trash/refuse), hazardous waste, wastewater (such as sewage, which contains bodily wastes (feces and urine) and surface runoff), radioactive waste, and others.

Modern-day landfills are designed by taking care of various environmental factors and types of wastes, so as to minimise pollution and health risks. Effects of Poor Solid Waste Management Due to improper disposal of solid waste particularly by waste management organizations, the collected wastes gets heap up and become a problem for both the.

hydrogeologic and geotechnical characteristics of the disposal site, and on regulatory requirements related to dam safety and to environmental performance. What may work for one type of tailings may not work for another type, and may not work for the same tailings at different sites.

Hence each situation requires its own design process.recycling or treatment. Recycling activities affect treatment options and disposal quantities. Transport costs must be considered when choosing the location of a disposal site.

Successful waste management planning also considers all groups of people that may be affected and all types of influence and impact – social, economic, technical.Department of Water Affairs & Forestry, the Department of Environment and Tourism, and the Danish Co-operation for Environment and Development (DANCED).

Initially, three baseline study documents were drafted by South African consultants to provide data regarding waste generation, community waste and litter, and waste disposal sites in South Africa.

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